6. Many many natives were wiped out by famine, wars, and disease brought by Europeans

-the tragic reality of the European dissent upon these islands, is that they both voluntarily and involuntarily murdered a vast native population 

-measles alone, took out a fifth of the native inhabitants 

 7. Pidgin is the third (unofficial) language of Hawai’i 

-Hawaiian is the primary language, followed by English 

-this language was developed by local ethnic groups in Hawai’i

 8. Queen Liliuokalani was the last native Hawaiian monarch 

-this overthrow of the monarchy occurred in 1894

-the Queen did not give up her fight to regain control in the following year 

-President Cleveland sided with the Queen and claimed that the change in power was illegal 

-President Clinton issued an official apology for the event